North America Nebula (NGC 7000) and Pelican Nebula (IC 5070) in Cygnus


NGC 7000 is known as the North America Nebula. IC 5070 is known as the Pelican Nebula. The reasons for thier names is obvious. They lie approximately 1700 light years away in the Orion Arm of the Milky Way. They are actually part of the same molecular cloud, separated by dark nebulae. LDN 934 separates the Gulf of Mexico from the body of the Pelican. LDN 935 separates the Canadian region from the head of the Pelican.

The North America nebula was discovered by William Herschel in 1786. Max Wolf photographed it in 1890. It was he who likened the image to North America.


Nikon 300mm f/3.5 ED (color); Takumar 300mm f/3.5 (Ha)

Cameras: Modified Canon 350D (color); ST-8300 w/Astronomik 12nm Ha filter
Mount: Ioptron CEM60
Exposures: 50 min. (color); 2 hrs. (Ha)

Color images were calibrated, aligned, and combined using ImagesPlus and adjusted (levels, curves, cropping) in Photoshop. Ha images were captured, aligned, and combined in CCDSoft. The images were aligned in RegiStar and combined in Photoshop. Topaz Detail and DeNoise were applied.

The color image was originally taken at the Nebraska Star Party on 7/14/07. The Ha images were collected on 8/31/20.

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